There is a large interest in luminescent materials for application as temperature sensors. In this scenario, we investigate the performance of neodymium-doped alkaline-earth fluoride (Nd3+:MF2; M=Ba, Ca, Sr) crystalline powders prepared by combustion synthesis for optical temperature-sensing applications based on the luminescence intensity ratio (LIR) technique. We observe that the near-infrared luminescence spectral profile of Nd3+ changes with the temperature in a way that its behavior is suitable for optical thermometry operation within the first biological window. We also observe that the thermometric sensitivities of all studied samples change depending on the spectral integration range used in the LIR analysis. Nd3+:CaF2 presents the largest sensitivity values, with a maximum absolute sensitivity of 6.5×10−3/K at 824 K and a relative sensitivity of 1.71 %/K at human-body temperature (310 K). The performance of CaF2 for optical thermometry is superior to that of β-NaYF4, a standard material commonly used for optical bioimaging and temperature sensing, and on par with the most efficient oxide nanostructured materials. The use of thermometry data to help understand structural properties via Judd-Ofelt intensity standard parameters is also discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
G. S. M. acknowledges Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (Brazil) for the support with grant number 305452/2019‐3. W. L. B. is grateful to INNOVATE PERU for the support with grant number 316‐PNICP‐EC‐2014. Y. X. acknowledges Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) for the support with grant numbers E‐26/010.000978/2019 and E‐26/010.001550/2019. N. R. is grateful to Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (Brazil) for the support with grant number 303129/2017‐4.
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- fluoride powders
- optical thermometry
- temperature sensing