Overweight, obesity and chronic malnutritio in 6 to 9 year-old children in Peru, 2009-2010

Jaime Pajuelo-Ramírez, José Sánchez-Abanto, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Rosa Agüero-Zamora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and chronic malnutrition in 6- to 9-year-old children in Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-cutting study based on the 2009-2010 National Household Survey. The size/age ratio was analyzed with references of the National Center for Health Statistic (NCSH) and the World Health Organization (WHO), considering less than two standard deviations for chronic malnutrition (CM); and the Must and WHO reference tables to measure the body mass index with 85 to 95 percentile values for overweight and above 95 for obesity. Results. With Must as reference, overweight was 12.1% and obesity 9.4%, and according to WHO overweight and obesity were 10.2 and 11.3% respectively. The prevalence of CM according to NCSH and WHO is 15.4 and 17.8% respectively. The highest prevalence of CM is in the north (25.2%), center (22.9%) and south of (19%) the Highland, while obesity is more present in the south coast (28%), Metropolitan Lima (22.8%) and the central Coast (22.5%). Of all the children with CM, 6.5% has overweight and 1.2% obesity. Conclusions. CM is decreasing because size averages have improved, however obesity has doubled. The presence of CM and obesity in children aged 6 to 9 years old in different regions of Peru poses a challenge in the planning of food and nutrition policies.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)583-589
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

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