Prevalencia y factores asociados al sobrepeso y obesidad en escolares peruanos del nivel primario

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in peruvian primary school children

Carolina Beatriz Tarqui Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To determine the prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in Peruvian schoolchildren. Materials and Methods Cross-sectional study carried out between 2013 and 2014. The probabilistic, multistage stratified sampling included 1 191 conglomerates with 7 914 dwellings (4 842 in the urban area and 3 072 in the rural area) of Peru. A total of 2 801 schoolchildren aged between 5 and 13 years were evaluated. The Z score of the body mass index by age (ZBMI) was used according to the WHO. Overweight was considered (ZBMI> 1 and ≤2) and obesity (ZBMI >2). Results 18.1% of the sample was overweight and 14.1% were obese. Overweight predominated in males (18.7%), schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years (19.6%), non-poor (21.2%), residing in the urban area (21.6%), from Metropolitan Lima (22.8%) and Costa (22.7%). The factors associated with overweight included non-poverty (OR=1.9), living in urban areas (OR=1.7), Metropolitan Lima (OR=1.9) and Costa (OR=1.6). On the other hand, factors associated with obesity included male sex (OR=3.1), secondaryeducation level of the head of the household (OR=1.8), higher education (OR=2.5), non-poor (OR=9.2), residing in an urban area (OR=3.4), Metropolitan Lima (OR=4.8) and Costa (OR=2.9). Conclusions The prevalence of obesity or overweight in schoolchildren is high. Non-poverty, living in urban areas, Metropolitan Lima and Costa are associated with overweight. Being a man, non-poor, the highest educational level of the head of the household, living in the urban area, Metropolitan Lima and Costa were associated with obesity.

Translated title of the contributionPrevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in peruvian primary school children
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalRevista de Salud Publica
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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