Prevention and control of cystic echinococcosis

Philip S. Craig, Donald P. McManus, Marshall W. Lightowlers, Jose A. Chabalgoity, Hector H. Garcia, Cesar M. Gavidia, Robert H. Gilman, Armando E. Gonzalez, Myriam Lorca, Cesar Naquira, Alberto Nieto, Peter M. Schantz

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific reviewpeer-review

466 Scopus citations


Human cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease) continues to be a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in many parts of the world. Elimination is difficult to obtain and it is estimated that, using current control options, achieving such a goal will take around 20 years of sustained efforts. Since the introduction of current (and past) hydatid control campaigns, there have been clear technological improvements made in the diagnosis and treatment of human and animal cystic echinococcosis, the diagnosis of canine echinococcosis, and the genetic characterisation of strains and vaccination against Echinococcus granulosus in animals. Incorporation of these new measures could increase the efficiency of hydatid control programmes, potentially reducing the time required to achieve effective prevention of disease transmission to as little as 5-10 years. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)385-394
Number of pages10
JournalLancet Infectious Diseases
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007


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