Referenceanatomical structures to perform a craniotomy in the pig

G. Juan Pablo Torres, Z. Armando González, Ch César Gavidia, S. Alberto Sato, M. Oscar Torres, S. Carlos Medina, S. Walter Silva

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Abstract

© 2018 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. All rights reserved. The objective of this study was to determine the anatomic reference points to perform a craniotomy in pigs. Forty four heads of Landrace, Pietrain, and creole pigs of 22-89 kg of body weight (males = 2, females = 22, castrated males = 20) were used. The four anatomic points under evaluation were P1: at a distance "a" from the external occipital protuberance (OP) to cranial; P2: at a distance "b" from the OP point to cranial; P3 and P4: equidistant, at a distance "c" to intersection point formed by imaginaries lines between supraorbitary apophysis (SA) and the frontal bones half line (LmhF). A 11 mm perforation drilling (cutting) was used in order to enter inside P1 and P2, and a hand piece was used for P3 and P4. The variables under evaluation were the length between the OP to the end of the nose, between both AS, P1 depth, between P1 and P3-P4, P2 and P3-P4. No statistical difference between castrated males and females was found. It is recommended four anatomic reference points to perform a craniotomy in the pig: P1 in females and castrated males was at 2.73 and 2.98 cm from OP respectively; P2 in females and castrated males was 7.72 and 7.51 cm respectively; and P3 and P4 at 3.8 cm from the intersection point formed by imaginaries lines between SA and the LmhF.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

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    Juan Pablo Torres, G., Armando González, Z., César Gavidia, C., Alberto Sato, S., Oscar Torres, M., Carlos Medina, S., & Walter Silva, S. (2008). Referenceanatomical structures to perform a craniotomy in the pig. Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru, 26-30.