Relationship between probiotics and living beings for sustainable life on land

Celia Vargas-de-la-Cruz, Daniela Landa-Acuña, Md Shariful Islam, Eduardo Flores-Juarez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Probiotics are microorganism components that are beneficial to the health of a host; most probiotic microorganisms are lactic acid bacteria. Probiotics are dietary supplements appended to food that enhances human life and fights disease. It is a concept that has many faces used by known bacteria and goods that are biologically active. Probiotics are usable alternatives to antibiotics for livestock and may possibility be used as a substitute for antibiotics in animal farming, per the literature which has been accumulated to online databases, for example, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and MEDLINE. However, the research focused mainly on immunomodulation and dramatic reductions in gastrointestinal tract-attacking pathogens. Furthermore, historical safety cannot be bypassed with conventional strains of each novel probiotic and wild types of relevant antimicrobials that don’t belong to any strain. The description takes into account the relationship between probiotics and living beings for sustainable life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRelationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume 1
Subtitle of host publicationMicrobial Products for Sustainable Ecosystem Services
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780323899383
ISBN (Print)9780323910569
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Antibiotics
  • Antimicrobials
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Immunocompromised host
  • Probiotics


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