Remineralizing effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and sodium fluoride on artificial tooth enamel erosion: An in vitro study

Kevin Pirca, Gabriela Balbín-Sedano, Percy Romero-Tapia, Daniel Alvitez-Temoche, Gareth Robles, Frank Mayta-Tovalino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To compare in vitro the remineralizing effect of toothpastes with casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (FPC-FCA) and sodium fluoride on the artificial erosion of tooth enamel. Materials and methods: For the first phase of artificial erosion, group I was considered as the control group without treatment or erosion. For groups II and IV, the drink was used (Coca-Cola®), for groups III and V, the drink (Inca-Kola®), and the four groups were demineralized four times a day (every 3 hours for 2 minutes) for 5 days. In the treatment phase in groups II and III, brushing was performed with sodium fluoride paste (Colgate®), groups IV and V received brushing with FPC-FCA complex (MiPaste®), and for all groups, the same procedure was performed four times a day (every 3 hours for 5 minutes) for 90 days. At the end, the microroughness of the surfaces of all the groups was evaluated by means of a Rugosimeter (Mitutoyo). Results: It was evidenced that the group of sodium fluoride presented a microroughness of 2.79 μm being the group of least remineralization, but the FPC-FCA complex showed a microroughness of 1.96 μm; however, the control group presented a microroughness of 3.20 μm, and the groups sodium fluoride, FPC-FCA compared to the control group proved to be statistically significant with a p < 0.05. Conclusion: The remineralizing effect of FPC-FCA (MiPaste®) complex proved to be greater than sodium fluoride paste (Colgate®) under artificial enamel erosive conditions. Clinical importance: The results of this research serve as a basis for industries to generate products that have the potential for remineralization against various erosive beverages that are consumed daily.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1259
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to thank the worthy authorities of the Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru, especially the Faculty of Health Sciences for providing us with the logistical and infrastructure facilities during the execution of this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate
  • Dental erosion
  • Microroughness
  • Remineralization
  • Sodium fluoride

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