We tested 2655 Peruvian men who have sex with men for the presence of retroviral infection. Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was detected in 48 (1.8%) of the patients, HTLV-2 was detected in 28 (1.1%), and HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 were both detected in 5 (0.2%). Human immunodeficiency virus infection was detected in 329 (12.4%) of the patients; 24 (7.3%) had HTLV coinfection. Risk factors for HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infection varied with sexual role. © 2009 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
La Rosa, A. M., Zunt, J. R., Peinado, J., Lama, J. R., Ton, T. G. N., Suarez, L., Pun, M., Cabezas, C., & Sanchez, J. (2009). Retroviral infection in peruvian men who have sex with men. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 112-117. https://doi.org/10.1086/599609