Revalidation of Vareuptychia Forster, 1964, description of Vanima gen. nov., and notes on Euptychia cleophes Godman & Salvin, 1889 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)

Thamara Zacca, Mirna M. Casagrande, Olaf H.H. Mielke, Blanca Huertas, Marianne Espeland, André V.L. Freitas, Keith R. Willmott, Shinichi Nakahara, Gerardo Lamas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vareuptychia Forster, 1964 stat. rest. is revalidated and comprises two species, V. similis (Butler, 1867) comb. rest. and V. themis (Butler, 1867) comb. nov. Vanima Zacca, Casagrande & Mielke gen. nov. is described to contain Euptychia labe Butler, 1870 (the type species), E. palladia Butler, 1867 and E. lesbia Staudinger, [1886]. The taxonomy of these two genera was initially revised based on morphological and distributional data, and subsequently tested and supported with a Maximum Likelihood analysis using four genes (COI, GAPDH, RpS5 and EF1-a). Lectotypes are designated for Euptychia similis Butler, 1867, E. themis Butler, 1867, E. undina Butler, 1870 and E. lesbia Staudinger, [1886]. No DNA sequences were obtained for Euptychia cleophes Godman & Salvin, 1889 but its transfer to Megisto Hübner, [1819] is supported by morphological evidence. For all taxa treated in this study, a taxonomic catalog, diagnosis, (re)description and illustrations of adults, venation and genitalia are provided, as well as comments on intraspecific variation, sexual dichromatism, ecology and distribution maps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-34
Number of pages34
JournalZootaxa
Volume4858
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to express our gratitude to all curators that allowed our access to the specimens deposited in the collections under their care: Robert K. Robbins (USNM), Wolfram Mey (MNHU), Steven Heydon, Jeff & Cathy Smith and Lynn Kimsey (BME), John Rawlins (CMNH), Francisco Piñas (FRPI) and the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project (TABDP), Ichiro Nakamura (ICNA), John MacDonald (JOMC), Christian Brévignon (LBCB) and Axel Hausmann (ZSM). To Robyn Crowther and Sophie Ledger for taking photos of types at the NHMUK. Franciele L. Bettim and Kelly Ramos for their help with photos of genitalia captured at TaxonLine UFPR. Michelle Tatiana Tapasco for kindly sharing the photos of V. labe in Colombia. Edward Pfeiler for sharing data from Mexico, Jean-François Le Crom for data from Colombia, Mohamed Benmesbah for data from French Guiana, and Jason Hall for contributing data from Ecuador. Eduardo P. Barbosa for critically reading and making suggestions on the preliminary version of the manuscript, and the two reviewers whose comments greatly improved the manuscript. To Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the fellowships granted to TZ (140225/2013-7), OHHM (304639/2014-10) and MMC (308247/2013-2). TZ thanks the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for PDSE scholarship (99999.002879/2014-00) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) for post-doctoral fellowship (2017/02264-6; 2019/14735-9). AVLF acknowledges support from FAPESP (Biota-Fapesp 2011/50225-3 and 2012/50260–6), from the CNPq (303834/2015-3), National Science Foundation (DEB-1256742) and United States Agency for International Development—USAID/the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), under the PEER program (Sponsor Grant Award Number: AID-OAA-A-11-00012) (Mapping and Conserving Butterfly Biodiversity in the Brazilian Amazon). SN acknowledges University of Florida’s Entomology Department for support. KRW acknowledges support from the National Geographic Society, the Leverhulme Trust, the Darwin Initiative, the National Science Foundation (# 0103746, 0639861, #1256742), the Florida Museum of Natural History, the FLMNH Museum Associates, and the University of Florida. This publication is part of the Rede Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Lepidópteros (RedeLep) SISBIOTA-Brasil/CNPq (563332/2010-7). Brazilian specimens used in the present study were registered at Sistema Nacional de Gestão do Patrimônio Genético e do Conhecimento Tradicional Associado (SISGEN #AC4B8B7).

Funding Information:
We would like to express our gratitude to all curators that allowed our access to the specimens deposited in the collections under their care: Robert K. Robbins (USNM), Wolfram Mey (MNHU), Steven Heydon, Jeff & Cathy Smith and Lynn Kimsey (BME), John Rawlins (CMNH), Francisco Pi?as (FRPI) and the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project (TABDP), Ichiro Nakamura (ICNA), John MacDonald (JOMC), Christian Br?vignon (LBCB) and Axel Hausmann (ZSM). To Robyn Crowther and Sophie Ledger for taking photos of types at the NHMUK. Franciele L. Bettim and Kelly Ramos for their help with photos of genitalia captured at TaxonLine UFPR. Michelle Tatiana Tapasco for kindly sharing the photos of V. labe in Colombia. Edward Pfeiler for sharing data from Mexico, Jean-Fran?ois Le Crom for data from Colombia, Mohamed Benmesbah for data from French Guiana, and Jason Hall for contributing data from Ecuador. Eduardo P. Barbosa for critically reading and making suggestions on the preliminary version of the manuscript, and the two reviewers whose comments greatly improved the manuscript. To Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient?fico e Tecnol?gico (CNPq) for the fellowships granted to TZ (140225/2013-7), OHHM (304639/2014-10) and MMC (308247/2013-2). TZ thanks the Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento Pessoal de N?vel Superior (CAPES) for PDSE scholarship (99999.002879/2014-00) and Funda??o de Amparo ? Pesquisa do Estado de S?o Paulo (FAPESP) for post-doctoral fellowship (2017/02264-6; 2019/14735-9). AVLF acknowledges support from FAPESP (Biota-Fapesp 2011/50225-3 and 2012/50260?6), from the CNPq (303834/2015-3), National Science Foundation (DEB-1256742) and United States Agency for International Development?USAID/the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), under the PEER program (Sponsor Grant Award Number: AID-OAA-A-11-00012) (Mapping and Conserving Butterfly Biodiversity in the Brazilian Amazon). SN acknowledges University of Florida?s Entomology Department for support. KRW acknowledges support from the National Geographic Society, the Leverhulme Trust, the Darwin Initiative, the National Science Foundation (# 0103746, 0639861, #1256742), the Florida Museum of Natural History, the FLMNH Museum Associates, and the University of Florida. This publication is part of the Rede Nacional de Pesquisa e Conserva??o de Lepid?pteros (RedeLep) SISBIOTA-Brasil/CNPq (563332/2010-7). Brazilian specimens used in the present study were registered at Sistema Nacional de Gest?o do Patrim?nio Gen?tico e do Conhecimento Tradicional Associado (SISGEN #AC4B8B7).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 Magnolia Press.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Amazon rainforest
  • Central America
  • Cissia
  • Dry forests
  • Euptychiina
  • Integrative taxonomy
  • Megisto
  • Phylogeny

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