Copyright © by the Society for American Archaeology 2016. This article provides a description and analysis of the first monumental buildings, roads, geoglyphs, and irrigation canals in the valley of Chincha, south coast of Peru, as a set of features resulting from the construction of a ritual and political landscape. I propose that the monumental buildings of the Late Paracas period (400-100 B.C.) were points of arrival, meeting, and departure of well-organized social groups in the region. To organize and lead social displacements toward this architecture, the elites who oversaw the construction of these features used their knowledge of the sun path throughout the year, especially during the solstices and the equinox.