Inversion of the parameters characterising the seismic source of the instraslab 2017 Chiapas Mexico earthquake (Mw 8.2) shows a simple rupture process with a unidirectional propagation and directivity towards the North-West and a duration of the rupture process around 75 s. The initial point source values of strike, dip and rake are 316°, 80° and −91° respectively. The focal mechanism indicates a normal fault type within the oceanic Cocos plate, with an almost vertical fault plane for a focal depth of 59 km. The seismic data was obtained from 51 seismic stations of the global seismic network IRIS for the epicentral distances between 30° and 90°. In the finite-fault inversion, 75 seismic signals between P and SH waves were used. The epicenter is on the southeast margin of the large slip zone which extends 75 km to the northwest, this large slip zone is located to the south of the city of Arriaga. The scalar seismic moment was estimated at 2.55×1021Nm, equivalent to a moment magnitude of Mw 8.2. The maximum dislocation or slip is 14.5 m. As a coseismic effect, a local tsunami was generated, recorded by several tidal gauges and offshore buoys. The deformation pattern shows a coastal uplift and subsidence.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was sponsored in part by the Vice-rectorate for Research and Postgraduate from “Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos”, by CONCYTEC through the Teacher-Researcher bonus and by the “Direccion de Hidrografia y Navegacion” from the Peruvian Navy. In addition, we acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and observations.
- Mexico earthquake
- Seismic source