'Species' from two different butterfly genera combined into one: Description of a new genus of Euptychiina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) with unusually variable wing pattern

André Victor Lucci Freitas, Eduardo Proença Barbosa, Keith Richard Willmott, Niklas Wahlberg, Gerardo Lamas

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14 Scopus citations


Sepona Freitas and Barbosa, gen. nov. is proposed for the Neotropical satyrine butterfly species Euptychia punctata Weymer, 1911 and its junior subjective synonyms Euptychia griseola Weymer, 1911 and Taygetis indecisa Ribeiro, 1931. The new genus has a distinctive wing pattern and shape of the valvae in the male genitalia, the latter being a unique autapomorphy within the subtribe Euptychiina. Based on molecular data, this genus is not sister to any other single euptychiine genus, instead appearing as the sister to all remaining genera in the Taygetis clade. The present paper illustrates the complexity of the taxonomy of Euptychiina, and the importance of using different sources of evidence in taxonomic studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-165
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Brasileira de Entomologia
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Keith S. Brown Jr., Blanca Huertas, Marcio Uehara-Prado, Lee D. Miller, Jacqueline Y. Miller, Debra Murray, Jason Hall, Axel Hausmann, Carla Penz, Gláucia Marconato, Yuvinka Gareca and Andreas Segerer for their help in diverse phases of the manuscript. We also thank Poliana F. Araujo and Augusto H. B. Rosa for providing fresh specimens, Luiza M. Magaldi for helping with the DNA extraction and Tamara M. C. Aguiar for helping spread the specimens. Lee D. Miller and Jacqueline Y. Miller gave great inspiration to the first author to work on Satyrinae systematics. EPB acknowledges FAPESP (2012/03750-8) for a graduate fellowship. AVLF acknowledges support from FAPESP (Biota-Fapesp – grants 2011/50225-3 , 2012/50260-6 , 2013/50297-0 ), from the Brazilian Research Council – CNPq (fellowship 302585/2011-7). This publication is part of the RedeLep ‘Rede Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de de Lepidópteros’ SISBIOTA-Brasil/CNPq (563332/2010-7), of the project “Identificação Molecular de Biodiversidade de Invertebrados Terrestres” (grant 564954/2010-1) included in the “Rede Nacional de Identificação Molecular da Biodiversidade—BR-BoL” (MCT/CNPq/FNDCT 50/2010), the collaborative grant “Dimensions US-Biota-São Paulo: Assembly and evolution of the Amazon biota and its environment: an integrated approach”, US NSF, NASA, and FAPESP (2012/50260-6), and from the National Science Foundation (DEB-1256742).


  • Harjesia
  • Integrative taxonomy
  • Pseudodebis
  • Satyrini
  • Yphthimoides


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