## Abstract

The effects of the cosmological constant on the static equilibrium configurations and stability against small radial perturbations of relativistic polytropic spheres are investigated. This study numerically solves the hydrostatic equilibrium equation and the radial stability equation, both of which are modified from their standard form to introduce the cosmological constant. For the fluid, we consider a pressure p and an energy density ρ, which are connected through the equation of state p= κδ^{Γ} with δ= ρ- p/ (Γ- 1) , where κ, Γ and δ represent the polytropic constant, adiabatic index and rest mass density of the fluid, respectively. The dependencies of the mass, radius and eigenfrequency of oscillations on both the cosmological constant and the adiabatic index are analyzed. For ranges of both the central rest mass density δ_{c} and the adiabatic index Γ, we show that the stars have a larger (lower) mass and radius and a diminished (enhanced) stability when the cosmological constant Λ> 0 (Λ< 0) is increased (decreased). In addition, in a sequence of compact objects with fixed Γ and Λ, the regions constructed by stable and unstable static equilibrium configurations are recognized by the conditions d M/ d δ_{c}> 0 and d M/ d δ_{c}< 0 , respectively.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 354 |

Journal | European Physical Journal Plus |

Volume | 135 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Apr 2020 |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:The authors thank Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), grant 2013 / 26258 - 4 \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}2013/26258-4\end{document}. PHRSM would like to thank FAPESP, grant 2015 / 08476 - 0 \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}2015/08476-0\end{document}.

Funding Information:

The authors thank Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), grant . PHRSM would like to thank FAPESP, grant .

Publisher Copyright:

© 2020, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.