The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the study of the potential of multi-target drugs (MTDs). The mixture of homologues called ivermectin (avermectin-B1a + avermectin-B1b) has been shown to be a MTD with potential antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. However, there are few reports on the effect of each homologue on the flexibility and stiffness of proteins associated with COVID-19, described as ivermectin targets. We observed that each homologue was stably bound to the proteins studied and was able to induce detectable changes with Elastic Network Models (ENM). The perturbations induced by each homologue were characteristic of each compound and, in turn, were represented by a disruption of native intramolecular networks (interactions between residues). The homologues were able to slightly modify the conformation and stability of the connection points between the Cα atoms of the residues that make up the structural network of proteins (nodes), compared to free proteins. Each homologue was able to modified differently the distribution of quasi-rigid regions of the proteins, which could theoretically alter their biological activities. These results could provide a biophysical-computational view of the potential MTD mechanism that has been reported for ivermectin.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.