Synthesis and characterization of hollow α-Fe2O3 sub-micron spheres prepared by sol-gel

Lizbet León, Angel Bustamante, Ana Osorio, G. S. Olarte, Luis Santos De Los Valladares, Crispin H.W. Barnes, Yutaka Majima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In this work we report the preparation of magnetic hematite hollow sub-micron spheres (α-Fe2O3) by colloidal suspensions of ferric nitrate nine-hydrate (Fe(NO3)3·9H2O) particles in citric acid solution by following the sol-gel method. After the gel formation, the samples were annealed at different temperatures in an oxidizing atmosphere. Annealing at 180°C resulted in an amorphous phase, without iron oxide formation. Annealing at 250°C resulted in coexisting phases of hematite, maghemite and magnetite, whereas at 400°C, only hematite and maghemite were found. Pure hematite hollow sub-micron spheres with porous shells were formed after annealing at 600°C. The characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalHyperfine Interactions
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements L. León and A. Bustamante thank the financial support from the Scientific Initiation Programme of the University of San Marcos (Grant No. PIC—RR 06030-07). The work in Cambridge was supported by the European Union Programme ALBAN (Grant No E06D101257PE) and the Cambridge Overseas Trust. The work in Japan was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS grant No PE10027). The work in Japan was also partially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (No. 20108011, pi-Space) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), a Collaborative Research Project of the Materials and Structures Laboratory (Tokyo Institute of Technology) and the World Class University Program, at Sunchon National University, Korea.


  • Hematite
  • Maghemite
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Sol-gel method


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and characterization of hollow α-Fe2O3 sub-micron spheres prepared by sol-gel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this