The Pleistocene Gomphotheriidae (Proboscidea) from Peru

María Teresa Alberdi, José Luis Prado, Rodolfo Salas

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Morphological characters of South American Gomphothere remains from Peru are described and discussed in this work. We assign the remains from Ayusbamba (Cuzco) to Cuvieronius hyodon and the remains from La Huaca (Piura), Quipan (Canta) and Serpentin of Pasamayo to Stegomastodon waringi. It is not possible to distinguish remains from Río Madre de Dios, referred to the late Miocene of Amazonia, from other Stegomastodon waringi specimens from late Pleistocene of Peru based on dental morphology. Consequently, further data are needed to confirm the earliest appearance of Gomphotheriidae in Peru. We also describe Gomphothere migration routes from the North and examine their palaeobiogeographical implications.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)423-452
Number of pages30
JournalNeues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004


  • Cuvieronius
  • Gomphotheriidae
  • Peru
  • Pleistocene
  • South America
  • Stegomastodon


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