The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and pneumonia in piglets from well managed farms

Ilber O. Vidal, César De La Cruz, Hermelinda Rivera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

© 1999 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. All rights reserved. The association of porcine reproductive y respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and pneumonia in fattening pigs from well managed pig farms in the Lima valley was determined through viral antigen detection, observation of microscopic lesions in lung and mediastinic lymph-node (MLN) tissues, by immunofluorescence test and conventional histologic procedures. Pneumonic (n=l02) and normal (n=69) lung and MLN tissues of 20 to 23 week old pigs from 23 farms were collected at local slaughterhouses. PRRSV antigen was detected in 14.7 % (151102) of neumonic lung and MLN samples. The virus was most prevalent in lung (47%), followed by lung and MLN (33%) and MLN (15%) samples. PPS infection was found at twenty six percent (6/23) of the farms sampled, and lung tissue (n=29) of pigs from these farms showed high prevalence of viral antigen (51.7% ). The most frequent histopathological lesions were acute superative pheumonia and subacute bronchopneumonia, anda statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) between PRRSV infecction and pneumonia was found. These results suggest that PRRSV plays an importnat role in predisposing fattening pigs to secondary bacteria! infection.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999

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