Theoretical studies on the gas-phase elimination kinetics of 2-arylethyl N,N-dimethylcarbamates [(CH3)2NCOOCH2CH2Z, Z = 4-CH3C6H4, 4-CH3OC6H4, 4-NO2C6H4]

Rafael J. Castellar H, M. Loroño, Tania Córdova, Gabriel Chuchani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The gas-phase elimination kinetics of 2-arylethyl N,N-dimethylcarbamates, (CH3)2NCOOCH2CH2Ar, has been studied at the ab initio MP2/6-31G and MPW1PW91/6-31G(d,p) levels of theory. These carbamates produce N,N-dimethylcarbamic acid and the corresponding 4-substituted styrene in a rate determining step. The unstable intermediate N,N-dimethylcarbamic acid rapidly decarboxylate through a four-membered cyclic transition state to give dimethylamine . These calculations imply a concerted, non-synchronous six-membered cyclic transition state type of mechanism. The present results support the fact that the acidity of the benzylic hydrogen as an important factor for faster elimination rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM
Volume811
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Arylethyl N,N-dimethylcarbamates
  • Gas-phase elimination
  • MP2/6-31G and MPW1PW91/6-31G(d,p) calculations
  • Mechanism

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