Tridax procumbens Ameliorates Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Neuropathy in Rats via Modulating Angiogenic, Inflammatory, and Oxidative Pathways

Munish Kakkar, Tapan Behl, Celia Vargas De La Cruz, Hafiz A. Makeen, Mohammed Albratty, Hassan A. Alhazmi, Abdulkarim M. Meraya, Ghadeer M. Albadrani, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim

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Tridax procumbens (TP) is a traditional Indian therapeutic plant and was evaluated for its blood glucose lowering abilities, as well as for its ability to curb diabetic neuropathy (DN). Administrating 45 mg/kg body weight of streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneally for four weeks, DN was induced in Wistar rats. After the rats' tails were clipped, the blood glucose levels were measured. Body weight and urine volume were also assessed. Oxidative stress makers such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), catalase (CAT), inflammatory cytokines for instance tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-1β were estimated. Further, protein kinase C (PKC-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were also estimated as angiogenic markers. Behavioral parameters were also evaluated by using cold allodynia using acetone test, hot allodynia using Eddy's hot plate, grip strength test using Rota rod, and hyperalgesia test using Tail flick technique. The statistical assessment of findings was done employing one-way (ANOVA) analysis of variance, and subsequently Turkey as post hoc with GraphPad Prism software package. The ingestion of TP for 1 month in DN rats stemmed in a substantial decline in blood glucose concentrations matched to nontreated rats with DN. There had been a considerable improvement in DN as evident from the finding from biochemical markers. The serum level of antioxidant defense enzymes was significantly increased, while the activities of TBARS had been substantially reduced in the TP treated rats with DN. TP averted DN-triggered surge levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the serum. Further, PKC-β and VEGF concentrations had been also reduced by the treatment TP. The findings of this research demonstrated that the restorative impact of TP on DN rats might be linked to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative antiangiogenic retorts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1795405
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

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© 2022 Munish Kakkar et al.


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