Use of sentinel pigs to monitor environmental Taenia solium contamination

A. E. Gonzalez, R. Gilman, H. H. Garcia, J. McDonald, K. Kacena, V. C.W. Tsang, J. B. Pilcher, F. Suarez, C. Gavidia, E. Miranda, J. Naranjo, M. Verastegui, C. Carcamo, T. Montenegro, C. Evans, R. Mantle, A. Guerron, A. M. Castro, L. Trelles

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Abstract

We tested a novel approach to assay Taenia solium prevalence using the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot assay in sentinel piglets to determine environmental contamination with T. solium eggs in a disease- endemic zone in Peru. Twelve sentinel piglets from an area where the disease is not present were tested at two months of age, moved to an area where the disease is endemic, and retested at the of age nine months. Sentinel piglets native from this T. solium endemic area were also tested concurrently at two and nine months of age. Of the non-native pigs, 33% (4 of 12) acquired new infection. Of the 28 native pigs tested, 64% (18 of 28) acquired the infection. In a subset of the native piglets from seronegative sows, 44% (4 of 9) were infected at five months of age. Serodiagnosis of sentinel piglets is a practical method to detect T. solium eggs in the environment. Furthermore, it permits indirect assessment of human risk, which may be useful for monitoring the efficacy of intervention programs.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)847-850
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1994

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    Gonzalez, A. E., Gilman, R., Garcia, H. H., McDonald, J., Kacena, K., Tsang, V. C. W., Pilcher, J. B., Suarez, F., Gavidia, C., Miranda, E., Naranjo, J., Verastegui, M., Carcamo, C., Montenegro, T., Evans, C., Mantle, R., Guerron, A., Castro, A. M., & Trelles, L. (1994). Use of sentinel pigs to monitor environmental Taenia solium contamination. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 847-850.