This study vas undertaken in order to assess the use of somatic coliphages as faecal pollution indicators in recreational seawater. In 140 samples from 5 beaches at the "Costa Verde" circuit, Lima, somatic coliphages we re enumerated and correlated with conventional faecal pollution indicators (Faecal coliforms, E. coli and enterococci). After sample treatment with the "Sample Filtration" modified technique, somatic coliphages were assayed by the "Single-Agar-Layer" method using the strain E. coliC ATCC 13706 as the bacterial host. Faecal coliforms (FC) E. coli (EC) and enterococci (EN) were enumerated by the Most Probable Number method. In the statistical analysis, we took into account faecal pollution levels based on arbitrary values such as <1000 CF/100 mL ("Low pollution") and 1000 FC/100 mL ("High pollution"). The beaches surveyed showed faecal pollution levels from <3 to 2,4 x 105 to both FC and from EC, and <3 to 2,4 x 104 EN. In samples with "low pollution" the 32% of coliphage's counts were greater than those of FC and EC, whereas on samples with "High pollution" no count was bigger than any of FC and EC. On the other hand, according with the principal component analysis, coliphages and enterococci were the best indicators of faecal pollution in the surveyed beaches. Furthermore, statistically significant correlations were determined between somatic coliphages with FC and EC; being greater on samples with "High pollution" (r = 0,89) than those in samples with "low pollution" (r = 0,43). From coliphages determination in the samples evaluated it was determined the value of 115 UFP/100 mL as a guideline for recreational seawater in the beaches understudy. According with the results of this study, the somatic coliphages could be used as alternative faecal pollution indicators in recreational seawater.
|Translated title of the contribution||Use of somatic coliphages as indicators of faecal pollution in beaches of "la costa verde", lima-Peru|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Revista Peruana de Biologia|
|State||Published - 2001|
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© Facultad de Ciencias Bioĺgicas UNMSM.