The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish version of the Berger HIV Stigma Scale in an urban Spanish-speaking population in Peru and create a valid and reliable abridged version of the scale. Participants were HIV-infected adults enrolled in an observational study to examine the effectiveness of a community-based antiretroviral therapy adherence intervention. Approximately half of participants were female, and the median age at enrollment was 30.5 years. The Spanish version of the full HIV Stigma Scale was internally reliable, demonstrated good construct validity, and was sensitive to change over time. The full HIV Stigma Scale was abbreviated by removing items that impaired subscale internal reliability, did not correlate with other subscale items, or demonstrated low factor correlations. The resulting abridged scale contained 21 of the 40 original items and revealed properties similar to the full Spanish version.
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Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge and thank the team of Socios En Salud health promoters and the community-based DOT workers for their input. We acknowledge the Office for AIDS Research at the National Institutes for Health; the Eleanor and Miles Shore Fellowship at Harvard Medical School; David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University, and Partners In Health and Socios En Salud for support of this project. M.F.F. received support from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Pre-Doctoral Training Program in the Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases and Biodefense (T32 AI007535).