Contaminación ambiental, variabilidad climática y cambio climático: Una revisión del impacto en la salud de la población peruana

Gustavo F. Gonzales, Alisson Zevallos, Cynthia Gonzales-Castañeda, Denisse Nuñez, Carmen Gastañaga, César Cabezas, Luke Naeher, Karen Levy, Kyle Steenland

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

22 Citas (Scopus)


This article is a review of the pollution of water, air and the effect of climate change on the health of the Peruvian population. A major air pollutant is particulate matter less than 2.5 μ (PM 2.5). In Lima, 2,300 premature deaths annually are attributable to this pollutant. Another problem is household air pollution by using stoves burning biomass fuels, where excessive indoor exposure to PM 2.5 inside the household is responsible for approximately 3,000 annual premature deaths among adults, with another unknown number of deaths among children due to respiratory infections. Water pollution is caused by sewage discharges into rivers, minerals (arsenic) from various sources, and failure of water treatment plants. In Peru, climate change may impact the frequency and severity of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which has been associated with an increase in cases of diseases such as cholera, malaria and dengue. Climate change increases the temperature and can extend the areas affected by vector-borne diseases, have impact on the availability of water and contamination of the air. In conclusion, Peru is going through a transition of environmental risk factors, where traditional and modern risks coexist and infectious and chronic problems remain, some of which are associated with problems of pollution of water and air.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEnvironmental pollution, climate variability and climate change: A review of health impacts on the peruvian population
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)547-556
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
EstadoPublicada - 2014

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Air pollution
  • Climate change
  • Water pollution


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