Dendrobium officinale Polysaccharide Alleviates Intestinal Inflammation by Promoting Small Extracellular Vesicle Packaging of miR-433-3p

Huifan Liu, Jiaxi Liang, Yuming Zhong, Gengsheng Xiao, Thomas Efferth, Milen I. Georgiev, Celia Vargas-De-La-Cruz, Vivek K. Bajpai, Giovanni Caprioli, Jianliang Liu, Jintian Lin, Hui Wu, Lianxin Peng, Yongjun Li, Lukai Ma, Jianbo Xiao, Qin Wang

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Dendrobium officinale polysaccharide (DOP) attenuates inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but its role in regulating cross-talk between intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) and macrophages against IBD is unclear. This study aimed to investigate DOP protective effects on the intestinal inflammatory response through regulation by miRNA in small extracellular vesicles (sEVs). Our results show that DOP interfered with the secretion of small extracellular vesicles (DIEs) by IEC, which reduced the levels of inflammatory mediators. Increased miR-433-3p expression in DIEs was identified as an important protector against intestinal inflammation. DOP regulated the loading of miR-433-3p by hnRNPA2B1 into the intestinal sEV to increase the abundance of miR-433-3p. DIEs delivered miR-433-3p to lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophages and targeted the MAPK8 gene, leading to inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway and reduced production of inflammatory cytokines. One protective mechanism of DOP is mediated by intestinal sEV containing miR-433-3p, which is a potential therapeutic agent for the prevention of inflammatory factor accumulation from excessive intestinal macrophage activity and for restoring homeostasis in the intestinal microenvironment.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)13510-13523
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volumen69
N.º45
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 17 nov. 2021
Publicado de forma externa

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