Metagenomic approach role of psychrotrophic and psychrophilic microbes in bioremediation

Edwin Hualpa-Cutipa, Richard Andi Solórzano Acosta, Olenka Jazmin Matta Cariga, Maryori Alexandra Espinoza-Medina, Diana Carolina Chavez-Rojas, Daniela Medina-Cerna, Luzvi Centeno-Merino, Gerardo Vasquez-Condori, Cristian Enrique Revollar-Panaifo, María Hansen-Reyes, Imanol Salazar-Quiñonez

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

The abundance and diversity of microorganisms is an indicator of the health, quality, and functionality of the planet's ecological systems. Several traditional and advanced or modern techniques have been used to understand the composition and functionality of microbial communities in the environment. Microscopic identification and quantification of microorganisms are traditional techniques based on microorganism isolation and purification. More advanced strategies, on the other hand, rely on molecular tools that allow for more precise identification, taxonomic and functional composition of microbial biodiversity in a specific habitat. Metagenomics is a recently developed omics strategy that allows multidimensional studies of the structure of microbial communities from different perspectives (taxonomic and functional). On the other hand, climatological conditions are a determinant of microbial composition in low-temperature environments. The microorganisms inhabiting these cold environments belong to the group of extremophilic microorganisms (psychrophilic), in addition to the cold-tolerant microorganisms (cryotolerant). The study of these microorganisms has unveiled interesting potentials of these microbes in different fields such as agriculture, industry, medicine, etc. This chapter aims to provide an approach to the metagenomic application for the study of microorganisms with tolerance to cold environments and to highlight their potential applications in bioremediation.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaMetagenomics to Bioremediation
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaApplications, Cutting Edge Tools, and Future Outlook
EditorialElsevier
Páginas513-536
Número de páginas24
ISBN (versión digital)9780323961134
ISBN (versión impresa)9780323994804
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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