We investigate the equilibrium and radial stability of spherically symmetric relativistic stars, considering a polytropic equation of state (EoS), within the framework of f(R,T) gravity with a conservative energy-momentum tensor. Both modified stellar structure equations and Chandrasekhar's pulsation equations are derived for the f(R,T)= R+ h(T) gravity model, where the function h(T) assumes a specific form in order to safeguard the conservation equation for the energy-momentum tensor. The neutron star properties, such as radius, mass, binding energy and oscillation spectrum are studied in detail. Our results show that a cusp - which signals the appearance of instability - is formed when the binding energy is plotted as a function of the compact star proper mass. We find that the squared frequency of the fundamental vibration mode passes through zero at the central-density value corresponding to such a cusp where the binding energy is a minimum.
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