Prevalencia de anemia y factores asociados en adultos mayores peruanos

Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, José Sanchez-Abanto, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo, Teresa Jordan-Lechuga

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of anemia and associated factors in elderly residing in Peruvian households. Materials and methods. the study deals with a cross-sectional design and was conducted in 2011. The sample was probabilistic, stratified and multistage independent in department of Peru. The required sample housing was 5792, we included 2172 elderly. We asked informed consent of all elderly. The anemia was defined as hemoglobin <13.0 g / dL in men and <12.0 g / dL in women, hemoglobin was adjusted for altitude. The anthropometric measurements were performed according to methodology MINSA/INS. The Nutritional status was assessed by body mass index. The classification of nutritional status: underweight (BMI≤23,0) (BMI>23 to <28), overweight (BMI≥28 to <32.0) and obesity (BMI≥32). Statistical analysis was performed using complex samples and adjusted by the weighting factor. We Calculated means, proportions. The chi-square and regression logistic. Results. The mean hemoglobin was 13.4 ± 1.6 g / dL. The prevalence of anemia was 23,3% (mild anemia 17.1%, moderate: severe 5,7% and 0,5%). The age 70 to 79 years (OR 1.5; CI 95%:1.1; 2.0),> 80 years (OR 2.1; CI 95%: 1.4; 3.0) and thinness (OR 1.7; CI 95%: 1.2, 2.3) associated with anemia. Ayacucho, Ancash, Lambayeque and Apurimac were the departments with the highest prevalence of anemia. Conclusions. Approximately one quarter of elderly were anemic, being more prevalent in the illiterate, rural and poor. Older age and thinness are associated with anemia in elderly Peruvians.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPrevalence of anemia and associated factors in elderly residing in Peruvian households
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)687-692
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica
Volumen32
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct 2015

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Anemia
  • Elderly
  • Obesity (source: MeSH, NLM)
  • Overweight
  • Thinness

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