Background: Three-dimensional (3D) scanners have made it possible to measure and display body surface and shape with high precision. These are fast measurements with minimum discomfort, which is especially useful when children are involved. The objective was to assess the reliability and validity of a 3D-scanner for measuring unconventional torso parameters in children and adolescents. Methods: This is a sub-sample of the SAYCARE study, an observational multicentre research effort being conducted in six South American countries, aimed at developing methods to collect data on cardiovascular health biomarkers, lifestyles, and environmental, social and family risk factors. Images were captured using a portable scanner (iSense, Cubify, USA) attached to a Tablet 128Gb with OSX (Ipad-Air Apple, USA). Images were reshaped to exclude head, hair, arms and legs; area and volume were measured using 3D design software ((Rhinoceros for OSX, v5.02, USA). Results: The sub-sample for our study comprised 54 girls and 46 boys, aged 6 to 17 years old, from two private schools in Lima, Peru. Out of 100 participants, 82 were scanned twice. There was strong reliability (rho_c>0.80) between first and second measurements of area and volume in boys of every age group. In girls, the reliability coefficient was moderate (rho_c>0.70) only for area comparison in adolescents older than 10 years of age. The mean torso area was 0.55 m2 (SD 0.08) in girls and 0.63 m2 (SD 0.13) in boys. The overall mean torso volume was 24.4 l (SD 5.33) in girls and 31.47 l (SD 10.14) in boys. Area under ROC curve oscillates between 0.5707 and 0.6383 when volume/area ratio was compared to the selected “gold standard” (waist to height ratio > 0.5). Conclusion: Use of portable and low cost 3D-scanners provides a reliable but inaccurate alternative for area and volume torso measurements in children and adolescents.
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2018 Delgado CA et al.