We have previously cloned 10 Helicobacter pylori antigen genes from a Chilean strain including: cytotoxin VacA, a truncated region of CagA (called A17), a species-specific protein (Ag26), urease subunits (UreA, UreB), a flagellin, (FlaB), heat shock proteins (HspA and HspB), an adhesin (HpaA) and a lipoprotein (Lpp20). Immunogenicity of these antigens was tested by immunoblot with sera of Chilean infected patients, revealing that HpaA, A17, HspB and VacA were more frequently recognized (86%, 82%, 68% and 68%, respectively). According to the clinical condition, it was determined that Lpp20 was preferentially recognized by sera from non-ulcer dyspepsia patients (80%), A17 and VacA by patients with duodenal ulcer (92% and 83% respectively), and HspB by patients with duodenal ulcer (83%) and gastric cancer (90%). An ELISA was developed with a purified mixture of A17 and VacA antigens to test the different groups of patients. It was found that sera from duodenal ulcer patients showed higher values than those from non-ulcer dyspepsia patients, but this difference was not significant (p<0.2). Moreover, sera from gastric cancer patients showed values lower than those from non-ulcer dyspepsia patients (p<0.019). These results indicate that, in the Chilean population, antibodies raised against VacA and A17 are not markers either for duodenal ulcer or for gastric cancer.
|Número de páginas||10|
|Estado||Publicada - 1999|