Taenia solium infection in a rural community in the Peruvian Andes

P. L. Moro, L. Lopera, N. Bonifacio, R. H. Gilman, B. Silva, M. Verastegui, A. Gonzales, H. H. Garcia, L. Cabrera, J. Pretell, M. Tovar, A. Gonzalez, C. Gavidia, N. Falcon, T. Bernal, G. Herrera, J. Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, C. W. Tsang

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

An epidemiological study was conducted in a highland, rural community, in Peru, to determine the seroprevalences of human and porcine infection with Taenia solium and the risk factors associated with human infection. The seroprevalences, determined using an assay based on enzyme-linked-immuno-electrotransfer blots (EITB), were 21% (66/316) in the humans and 65% (32/49) in the pigs. The human subjects aged < 30 years were more likely to be positive for anti-T. solium antibodies than the older subjects (P < 0.001). The risk factors associated with human seropositivity were lack of education beyond the elementary level [odds ratio (OR) = 2.69; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09-6.65] and pig-raising (OR = 1.68; CI = 0.96-2.92). Curiously, sheep-raising was inversely associated with human T. solium infection (OR = 0.50; CI = 0.28-0.90). The study site appears to be a new endemic focus for T. solium in the central Peruvian Andes. Although, in earlier studies, the seroprevalence of T. solium infection has generally been found to increase with age, the opposite trend was observed in the present study. The results of follow-up studies should help determine if the relatively high seroprevalence in the young subjects of the present study is the result of a transient antibody response.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)373-379
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónAnnals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun 2003

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